Kyle-Mark Middleton

Kyle was born in Gauteng where he spent his early years until he moved to the greater Kruger National Park. He always possessed a passion for the outdoors and the move to a wilderness area led him to pursue a career in anything that would involve him in nature.

He completed his BSc honours degree in environmental analysis and management at the University of Pretoria in 2014. Following his degree, he spent the next two years working in Klaserie Private Nature Reserve where his passion continued to grow and birding became an everyday hobby. During this time, Kyle was introduced to the Fitz’s Southern Ground-Hornbill Conservation Project and knew he wanted to be a part of it. The project monitors the movements and breeding success of the Southern Ground-Hornbill groups on the Associated Private Nature Reserves which is part of greater Kruger. He is now managing the conservation project while doing his masters on the birds, looking at their vocalisations and the contributions of individual birds to group activities such as territorial defence and nestling feeding.


The individual bases of group behaviour in the cooperative breeding Southern Ground-Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri. Supervisors: Rita Covas, Claire Spottiswoode, Kate Carstens and Fanny Ryback.