In this broad topic, BIOGRIP analyses almost anything, from rocks and soils, through water and air, to bones and hair. They look at questions about the formation of life, ancient environments, diets of our ancestors, reuse of waste, remediation of pollution and sustainability of our society. They have students scattered across the 4 node universities and include 4th year (Hons) up to postdoctoral researchers and collaborators from other universities, including several international participants.  In total, there are currently around 100 people associated with BIOGRIP.